Monday Debate: DISEC - Finding a path towards a nuclear free world
Date: 15.10.18, 18.15 - 20.00
Please select your countries here:
Introduction to the topic
This first block of debates will focus on finding a path towards a nuclear free world, a struggle as old as nuclear weapons themselves. A first milestone in this fight was the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), signed in 1968 and indefinitely and unconditionally extended in 1995. It defines nuclear-weapon states as those which have built and tested a nuclear explosive device before 1 January 1967; these are the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France and China (P5 countries). The NPT has three pillars: non-proliferation, disarmament and the right to peacefully use nuclear technology. Despite the treaty, four other states are today known or believed to possess nuclear weapons. India, Pakistan (both 1998) and North Korea (2006) have openly tested and declared that they possess nuclear weapons, while Israel is deliberatively ambiguous regarding their weapons. There are various treaties that established regional nuclear-free-zones, including the African, Southeast Asia and South Pacific Nuclear-Free-Zones. In 2017, sixty-nine states signed the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, the first legally binding agreement to comprehensively prohibit nuclear weapons. Due to a lack of ratifications, it has not yet come into effect.
The Debate should focus on finding common grounds on the issue of a denuclearised world. A resolution should address the question of the four nuclear powers not recognised by the NPT as well as the involvement of the P5.
These articles and websites should help you to start your research. However, we strongly recommend you not limiting your research to these articles.
https://www.icanw.org/ (Website of the International Campaign to abolish Nuclear Weapons)
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/pakistan-has-more-nuclear-warheads-india-credible-deterrence/articleshow/64641056.cms (This article assesses Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal to India’s)
https://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/Nuclearweaponswhohaswhat (This article offers an assessment of the world nuclear arsenal)
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-42873633 (This article reviews countries’ nuclear arsenals)
We look forward to seeing you!
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