Monday Debate: UNSC - La Revolución: Socialism or Foreign Coup? The Situation in Venezuela


In the Streets of Caracas

The United Nations Security Council and the security Crisis in Venezuela

Room: 01-103

Date: 18.02.2019, 18:15

Please select your delegation here.

In the doodle, P-5 states are listed first (P), followed by the 10 non-permanent members (N) of the SC. All other Member States are observers (O). Note that only the permanent and non-permanent members have voting rights in substantial matters!

In March 2013, Venezuela’s charismatic socialist leader Hugo Chávez died, leaving his vice-president Nicolás Maduro at the helm of the country. Chávez had ruled the country since 1998, implementing widespread socialism, thereby influencing both economy and society of the South American nation. Controversial constitutional reforms were undertaken, giving the presidency enormous powers, letting the Head of State virtually govern by decree.

The presidential election of 2018 fell in a very critical time for the country. Despite its valuable natural resources, the population lives under scarce conditions, lacking food, toilet paper and other basic amenities. Inflation has soared to staggering heights, emigration rates are high. The National Assembly of Venezuela became the main opponent to Maduro’s regime, having been declared in contempt of court and de facto replaced in 2017 by a Constituent Assembly, charged to draft a new constitution for the country.

The difficult climate led to widespread protests in the wake of the elections; many major parties of the country were banned from the elections. The controversy rose to an international level, when many countries refused to recognize the elections, including the United States of America and organizations such as the European Union.

The USA were criticized for intervening in Venezuela, due to interests in the country’s very important oil reserves; allegations of a so-called “coup” rose to prominence when Juan Guaidó, president of the National Assembly, declared himself interim president, justifying this with the illegitimacy of the elections. He was recognized as rightful president by many important governments worldwide. Maduró however enjoys the support of such players as Russia, China or Cuba.

The situation of extreme complexity is therefore of concern to the United Nations Security Council. The debate will center on solutions for the crisis in Venezuela, in order to prevent conflict from erupting out of important geopolitical interests. The Security Council may release binding legislation, and therefore has large powers to enact upon the crisis described above. Remember: any exterior developments might influence the commitee’s work enormously. Be prepared for any eventuality…

Note to participants

Should a delegate holding a P-5 State not appear at the debate, it lies at the discretion of the chair to permanently reallocate his country to another delegate in order to ensure a constructive debate. You have been warned ;)

Research Starters

As usual, do not hesitate to browse through these links to gain more background information on the topic. The current situation being extremely controversial, you will find a few articles here, but most of the research must be done from your country’s perspective.